"Silkroad" one full file: the pride of China
When we Zhuantouwangxiang powerful Han Dynasty, the peak of the Tang, we seem to be able to see the patch of the vast Eurasian continent, from the hinterland of the Yellow River in the Central Plains, with an overwhelming force, and west Chang'an across the Longxi Plateau, Hexi Corridor and the Western Regions, through the vast plateau of Central Asia into Iran, then west to Asia Minor and the Arab region, across the Mediterranean to reach Europe. This is Silkroad. One of China's silk trade routes as the main product, a feudal dynasty, the splendid Chinese culture spread to Western civilization course, one by the Chinese to open up, explore the rise and fall with the history of China route.
In this long line of thousands of years, we will see a long list of immortal name. In addition to the former open Silkroad Zhang Qian, Ban Chao, Ban Yong, as well as whirling desert, into the military yanzhi Hill, Western Han general Huo defeated the Huns; business Qiang Zhao charge attack Hexi Corridor countries; Sixteen States Period weight accounted for the Western Regions, establishing the regime Girder of Lu Guang; Tang Dynasty annihilated Gao, Tang established the Anxi Frontier Command of the Hou set, put down the Su Dingfang Western Turks, "three arrows set Tianshan" Xue Ren? F, and so on. The latter period of sixteen miles east to the country, for the first time a large number of Buddhist scriptures into Chinese Kumarajiva, Northern and Southern Dynasties westbound seek the law of the law was, Tang Xuanzang, and Italian explorers came to the Yuan Dynasty Mark? Polo and so on. In the name behind these dazzling, it is one group after another, generation after generation of businessmen, academics, soldiers, messengers, and monks, to and from this line, between the most primitive means of transport, to conquer those mountains Gobi desert rivers, the Yellow River, the Ganges, the Euphrates and the Mediterranean this great civilizations together.
If there is no Silkroad, we will imagine how the development of history, how will the process of human civilization evolved. This originated in the Han Chang'an trade route, before the era of the Western Sea, Earth's only effective East-West link road. Its historical value, is difficult to accurately describe in words. The only thing we can be sure of is that it's unique wealth of all mankind is our pride.
The real pride of Chinese silk Chinese
Silk, but this now seems common ordinary things, almost a thousand years in ancient times, has been part of China and even the unique strategic value of goods. Although no ancient concept of intellectual property today, but in the past, our ancestors for the protection of silk technology is no less or even more effective. Not only the technical well-protected, even by the Chinese silkworm also prevent the belt out of the country at all levels of official, said it reached until the 6th century Western. The 1st century AD Roman naturalist Pliny the Elder in the "Museum" there is the following record: "forest produce silk, well-known buildings or. Beautiful woven into the text after the chi, trafficking to Rome. Wealthy and aristocratic women, cut dress , brilliant eye-catching. "can be seen at the time the prevalence of Chinese silk, and even the Romans thought silk was produced in the tree. As shipped from the Far East silk, expensive, leading to a massive outflow of gold in Rome, the senate had ordered a ban on wearing, but to no avail. The famous Egyptian queen Cleopatra would love silk from the Orient. Chinese silk became a symbol of noble status and identity, is sustainable.
Historically, the high demand for Chinese silk directly stimulated the development of East-West trade routes and prosperity, which not only has a monopoly position of China have benefited, but also makes living in the middle of the Persian merchant trade routes and Central Asia, West Asia China has brought huge profits for future generations left many magnificent palaces and buildings.
It is no exaggeration to say that the silk in ancient China, just like CPU's in the United States today. Tang Dynasty in ancient China, especially the accumulation of great wealth, great tribute to the silk trade.
Zhang Qian Zaokong
That Silkroad, we have to mention this to open up trade routes and the people who make the greatest contribution: Zhang Qian.
Zhang Qian (previous 164 years - 114 years before), Hanzhong County into a solid (now Shaanxi solid County). Chien-Yuan Han 2 years (139 years ago), Zhang Qian to be raised for the court Langguan as ambassador to the Western Regions of the people. This is the history of China's first official envoys sent to Central Asia. Zhang Qian's mission is intended to attack the United Taiyue Shi Hun, but then no one would have thought this to him, was actually 13 years long! Han Yuanshuo 3 years (126 years ago), Zhang Qian returned Chang, a hundred people when the mission left him and willing to parent two. In 13 years, 11 years they were captured by the Huns, all kinds of humiliation. But they finally escape, continue west, has arrived in Dawan (now Fergana), Healthy (now Chu, Talas River Basin) and Taiyue Shi (now the upper reaches of the Amu Darya). Although the joint fight against the Huns failed to persuade Taiyue Shi, Zhang Qian, but this behavior back to the Han dynasty, the Western region of the most detailed and reliable information, making the vision of the nation's first Chinese to reach a new world. Zhang Qian's determination and loyalty to fulfill the mission of his achievements, but also directly affect the decision to open up Western Han Dynasty, Han Dynasty expanded political and cultural influence of the determination. Full control of the Hexi Corridor, with Han, Hun forces in the Monan was hit, Silkroad thoroughfare is almost here.
And Zhang Qian's second Han Dynasty, China is a milestone in the history of diplomatic action. When he led over 300 people in six hundred horses, cattle raising 000 head of mighty mission gold baggage all the way west, until the rest of ancient (now Iran region), the warm welcome wherever they went, a powerful Oriental dynasty's political and economic influence has been expanded to an unprecedented extent.
Zhang Qian twice the Han Dynasty, containing over 15, travel over thousands of miles, despite wind and rain, try hard times, and eventually became immortal. Since then, Silkroad has been officially opened, entered a boom period. And Zhang Qian himself, and thus go down in history as the characters. Sima Qian in the "Historical Records" will open up his mission and vivid descriptions of the behavior of the Western Regions as "Zaokong" so that he and the great history of this unprecedented permanent together.
That is used to look at today's standards, we can still see him from time Zhang Qian of the Chinese people resolute and decisive, high-spirited brave decision of the valuable qualities. He represents, it was vibrant, prosperous Han dynasty of powerful spiritual forces. And he exudes charisma, whether past, present and future, are admired for future generations.
Integration with Datang
In today's China, with the world as one of the most popular words. Little do they know 1500 years ago, our ancestors had also been leading a wave of integration with the world. But then the world center of the peak of China dynasty Tang Dynasty. And Datang standards, is the center of integration with the world.
"Silkroad" in the background, taken from the 7th century China. And it is from the 7th century, Tang dynasty to its glory. In AD 626, Taizong ascended the throne, was only 27 years old. Waiting for the young monarch, is followed from the Turks invaded. 630, Taizong sent Li Jing and Shi Ji marched off, in the north of Shanxi, Inner Mongolia region defeated the Turks. After 50 years, the East Turkic Khanate of allegiance to China. And Master? Qaidam Turkic inscription reads: "children of the nobility, depression Tang slaves, the innocent woman down for Tang slave girl." From the Tang Dynasty opened a territorial expansion, put down the globe, feat, and created a political liberal, the development of production and cultural prosperity, and prosperity of the Tang dynasty business. Called the Golden Years. After the Buddha known as the Tang Dynasty.
Tang Dynasty's prosperity, wealthy, but also created a Silkroad heyday, a large number of Chinese goods exported to foreign countries, Western exotic animals, spices, jewelry, glassware, gold and silver currency have also heard, a great to promote East-West exchange. At this time the Roman Empire that has entered the Byzantine Eastern Roman Empire era, its capital Constantinople. Two things that center of civilization, just Silkroad beginning and end. That is, during this period, China's papermaking and woodblock printing began to spread westward along the Silkroad, the output of China's culture and technology reached a historical high.
"Silkroad" is the one to Silkroad as geography, history and cultural background of the epic game. It is also the first to the Chinese people's history and values â€‹â€‹to reproduce the game and experience the Silkroad.
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